Also known as Fish Pose. Matsya means a fish. This posture is dedicated to Matsya the Fish Incarnation of Vishnu, the source and maintainer of the universe and of all things. It is said that once upon a time the whole earth had become corrupt and was about to be overwhelmed by a universal flood. Vishnu took the form of a fish and warned Manu (the Hindu Adam) of the impending disaster. The fish then carried weight of Manu, his family and the seven great sages in a ship, fastened to a horn on his head. It also saved the Vedas from the flood. Simhasana 2 details provided to you by YogaIQ.
1. Sit in Padmasana. (Step 1)
2. Stay flat on the back with the legs on the floor.
3. Breath out, arch the back by lifting the neck and the chest, take the head back and put the crown on the floor. Drag the head further back by holding the crossed legs with the hands and increase the back curve. (Step 2)
4. Now take the hands from the legs, bend the arms, hold the elbows with the hands and rest the forearms on the floor behind the head (Step 3)
5. Hold this posture from 30 to 6o seconds while breathing deeply.
6. Rest the back of the head on the floor, lie fiat on the back, inhale and then come up to Padmasana, loose the legs and relax.
7. Recross the legs the other way and repeat the posture for the same amount of time.
8. If Step 3 and Step 4 are difficult to achieve, lie fiat on the back with the arms stretched straight over the head. (Step 4)
The dorsal region is fully extended in Matsyasana and the chest is well expanded. Matsyasana makes breathing fuller. Matsyasana benefit the thyroids due to the stretching of the neck. Daily practice of Matsyasana make pelvic joints more elastic. The asana relieves inflamed and bleeding piles.